Kodi ndi zinthu ziti zomwe zimakhala zikuzungulira?

Ada mangala ku NEWS ANALYZES by pa 26 June 2019 1 Comment

chitsime: medium.com

Nthawi zambiri ndakhala ndikukambirana za njira zomwe anthu angapangidwe. Kwa owerenga atsopano, ndikufuna kubwereza izi pang'onopang'ono mu nkhani yapadera yoperekedwa ku mutuwu. Chifukwa ngati mumatsatira uthenga tsiku ndi tsiku, ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti mudziwe nkhaniyi, chifukwa mudzawona njira zomwe zilipo kuti muthe kusewera anthu. Zosavuta kwambiri.

Zozama zimapangidwa kupyolera mu GAN (Generative Adversarial Networks)) njira zamakono. Izi ndi mapulogalamu opanga nzeru omwe, pogwiritsa ntchito machitidwe osiyanasiyana AI mu intaneti, amapanga malemba popanda kanthu. AI ndi Chingerezi kwa Artificial Intelligence; chimene chimaimira nzeru zopanga nzeru. Wina wa makina a AI ndiye amayesa zithunzi zomwe zimapangidwa ndi intaneti yoyamba ndikuzikana kapena kuzivomereza. Pochita izi muyendedwe, malembawo amakhala opambana pa sitepe iliyonse, kotero kuti potsiriza mutha kupanga anthu omwe amangoyerekezera ndi anthu wamba (omwe mungakumane nawo pamsewu). Ngati mukufuna kudziwa momwe izi zikugwirira ntchito, poyamba yang'anani kanema pansipa kuchokera ku NVIDIA (wopanga makadi ojambula zithunzi za PC).

Sizothandiza pokhapokha kuti pangakhale njira yowonjezereka, komanso momwe chikhalidwe chozama chingagwiritsidwe ntchito, mwachitsanzo, mavidiyo kapena kupanga mauthenga omwe anthu akukhala nawo (kuphatikizapo mbiri yonse, kuphatikizapo zithunzi ndi mavidiyo ndi zomwe amakonda kuchokera kwa ena) kuwonjezeranso mbiri zamalonda). Mwachitsanzo, zokambirana za pa Intaneti zingathe kuonetsedwa pa intaneti ndi "antchito apanyumba" kapena ogwira ntchito ku bungwe la telemarketing, mwachitsanzo, omwe anthu omwe mukukambirana nawo akhoza kubisala kumbuyo kwa mbiri (yomwe mabwenzi awo amathandizidwa ndi kufalitsa mbiri). Amatha kukantha anthu pazomwe akukambirana pazokambirana kuti athetse maganizo pakati pa anthu m'njira zina.

Tiyeni tiwone zowonjezereka zonse, koma tisanayambe, ndibwino kudziwa kuti masewera ndi masewero a filimu, komanso ogulitsa TV, akhala ndi njira zotere kwa nthawi yaitali. Komabe, ntchitoyi yakhala yosavuta kwambiri kuti mutha kuzichita nokha pa PC yam'munda-ndi-khitchini.

Pamene Paul Walker anamwalira pakati pa kujambula kwa Fast and Furious 7, gulu la Weta Digital linaitanidwa kukamaliza filimu ya Paul Walker. Pogwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana monga mafano akale, maonekedwe a abale a Paulo ndi kuwerengera mutu wa Paulo, Weta Digital anamubweretsa Paulo Walker. Videoyi pansipa ikupereka mwachidule momwe izi zinagwirira ntchito.

Njira yothandizira kayendetsedwe ka 3D yakhalapo kwa zaka zomwe ojambula amavala zovala kuti alembe kayendetsedwe kawo ndikuwongolera zilembo zopangidwa ndi digitally kudzera CGI. Izi zikufanana ndi njira yogwiritsidwa ntchito kwa Paul Walker, pokhapokha ndi ojambula omwe akuvala suti yotenga mawonekedwe. Njira imeneyi tsopano ikupezeka kwa anthu omwe ali ndi bajeti yotsika (onani vidiyo pansipa), koma chitsanzo chabwino cha filimu yomwe njirayi yagwiritsidwira ntchito kale ndi filimu ya kanema kuchokera ku 2009 (onani apa).

NVIDIA wayamba kale kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono ndi CGI, chifukwa amagwiritsira ntchito makina a neural pophunzitsa mapulogalamu. Ndipotu, iyi ndi njira yomweyi kumbuyo kwa nkhope. NVIDIA tsopano sangakhoze kupanga nkhope zosakhalapo, koma akhoza kuyendetsa mumzinda ndi kamera ndikusandutsa malo otentha (mu nthawi yeniyeni). Njira zoterezi zingathe kugwiritsidwa ntchito pophunzitsa mapulogalamu a AI odziyendetsa galimoto kuti asinthe nyengo, koma angagwiritsidwe ntchito kuti asamangidwe ngati sakufunika. Kamera yokhala ndi GoPro kapena ma webcam ndi okwanira. Yang'anani kuchokera ku 1: 03 min. Muvidiyoyi pansipa kuti muwone momwe izo zikugwirira ntchito.

Tsopano inu mukhoza kuganiza kuti kuthekera kochita izi mu nthawi yeniyeni kulibe. Ganizirani kachiwiri. Tawonapo kale kuti n'zotheka kulenga anthu omwe salipo kudzera pa Zowonjezera Zotsutsana ndi Networks. Ife tsopano tikudziwa kuti zonse zozungulira m'mizinda ndi chikhalidwe zingakhoze kupangidwa kudzera pa mawindo a neural. Funso ndiloti ndizotheka nthawi yeniyeni. Apa ndipamene sayansi yamakono yowonetsera nkhope imabwera. Izi zakhala zikuzungulira PC yosavuta kuyambira chaka cha 2015 (onani kanema pansipa).

Zonse mwazinthu, tingathe kunena kuti zakhala zotheka kwa zaka kuti apange mavidiyo obisika. Komabe, zipangizo zamakono zakhala zosavuta kwambiri ndi kuyambira kwa Zowonongeka Zotsutsana ndi Networks, mawonekedwe a neural ndi mawonekedwe a nthawi yeniyeni, kuti mutha kulenga mbiri yakale ya munthu yemwe salipo mu mphindi zochepa, kuyankhulana kwabwino kwa munthu ameneyo palibe akhoza kulenga chilengedwe chilichonse kuchokera kwa makamera onse komanso nyengo iliyonse.

Kodi izi zimatanthauzanji? Poyamba, munganene kuti simunathe kukhulupirira 100% kwa zaka zambiri. Onani apa Ndondomeko za CGI zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito bwanji kwa mafakitale. Komabe, pakali pano ndi zophweka kuti aliyense amene ali ndi bajeti ya zikwi zingapo za euro akhoza kale kuchita izi. Ngati tikuganiza kuti ma TV ndi abwino, ndiye kuti tikhoza kuganiza kuti sanagwiritse ntchito njira zimenezi kwa zaka zambiri. Komabe, ngati tilingalira kuti maboma amagwiritsa ntchito machitidwe a maganizo kuti abweretse anthu kuti akwaniritse malamulo atsopano ndi olimbikitsa, tiyenera kuzindikira kuti kwa zaka zambiri palibe chomwe chikuyimira njira yopangira nkhani zabodza. M'nkhaniyi ndizosangalatsa kudziwa kuti bungwe lalikulu la nkhani za dziko (Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau; ANP) lili m'manja mwa wofalitsa TV (yemwe ndi mabiliyoni). Tiyenera kukhala akulu bwanji kuti titsimikizire kuti njirazi sizinagwiritsidwe ntchito zaka zambiri?

Zikuwoneka kuti ofalitsa akuyang'anitsitsa kutseka chitseko chimene Martin Vrijland adagwira pansi pa sitima yaikulu ya ma TV. Kwa zaka zingapo tsopano, ndakhala ndikufotokoza momwe mafilimu angagwiritsire ntchito mafano. Choncho Jort Kelder ndi Alexander Klöpping adaloledwa mu pulogalamu ya Kelder & Klöpping TV onetsani ndi zozama zotani. Komanso pulogalamu ya wailesi Zithunzi zosankha BNR Nieuwsradio (oyang'anira ozindikira) posachedwapa anatchula zomwe ndakhala ndikulemba kwa nthawi yayitali. Zikuwonekeratu kuti mantha akuwonekera nthawi zonse komanso kuti opanga mapulogalamu amayesetse kuyang'ana omvera ndikuwamvetsera. Muyenera kupitirizabe kudalira nkhani ndi ma demokrasi, chifukwa palibe choipa kuposa momwe gululi limayankhira (kunena mu mawu a Jort pansi).

Inde "yankho" pa zonsezi ndikuti maboma ndi makampani opanga chitukuko ayesa kuwonjezera mtundu wa watermark mafilimu, kuti athe kuyang'anitsitsa kuti akhale oona. Funso lokhalo ndiloti ngati maboma omwe akhala akugwiritsa ntchito nkhani zabodza kwa zaka kuti athandize malamulo ndi kusewera pa anthu kaya ngati watermarkyo ndi yodalirika kwambiri. Kodi mfuti ingakane nyama yake? Ayi, ndithudi ayi. Nkhani zonse zochokera kwa John de Mol, NOS, De Telegraaf ndi zina zotero zakhala zodalirika komanso zowona mtima! Kukuda. Kodi mukuganiza kuti John de Mol adzawonekera pa TV lero kapena mawa kuti: "Pepani madona ndi abwenzi, ndapanga nkhani zabodza ndi mafilimu onse ndi ma pulogalamu ya TV omwe ndili nawo. Ndakupatsani inu nkhani zabodza ndipo mumasewera ndi ntchito zamaganizo pa mtengo wa msonkho ndikudzaza matumba anga"? Ayi, ndithudi ayi. Ndipo ndithudi mukuyenera kukhala ndi chikhulupiriro m'mawailesi ndi mauboma, chifukwa ndi ndani amene muyenera kukhulupirira? Werengani apa...

Zingatheke kuyika ntchito:

  1. yongolani mbiri zamalonda
  2. zithunzi ndi mavidiyo kuchokera m'mbuyomu kuphatikizapo abwenzi ndi abwenzi
  3. kambiranani ndi munthu yemwe palibe
  4. zithunzi kuchokera ku makamera otetezeka
  5. kanema monga umboni mu nkhani (zofalitsa zowonongeka)
  6. ndi zina zotero

Zowonjezera mndandanda wamakalata: bnr.nl, wikipedia.org

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  1. guppy analemba kuti:

    Atsogoleri a dziko lino adagwiritsabe ntchito njira zomwezo. Malingana ndi teknoloji, amatsata nthawi. M'mbuyomu mungathe kuyendetsa mafuko onse ndi anthu osakhalapo. Iwo akhala nthawi imodzi patsogolo pathu mwa kuyang'anira mbiriyakale ndi kuthandizidwa ndi mipukutu ya mabuku ndi zina zotere.

    M'mbuyomu palinso Martin yemwe adalengeza kwa anthu kuti akupusitsidwa.

    Choipa ndi chakuti anthu masiku ano amaganiza kuti ndi anzeru kuposa omwe tisanayambe. Sindikuganiza kuti zambiri zasintha, tidakali akapolo ogwira ntchito molimbika kuti tizilume ndi kumwa.

    Iwo ankakonda kunena "iwe sumayenera kukhulupirira chirichonse chimene iwo anena"

    Lero tikunena kuti "musamakhulupirire chilichonse chomwe mukuchiwona"

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